Sun and water in the right measure

In general, still small, the seedlings sold in the market have newly formed clods of young plants with tender roots and light soil cultivated, in an ideal regime of regular irrigation and adequate fertilization. Often, when planting them in our garden or pots indoors, these seedlings are adapted to the new system of light and watering, making many feel frustrated by not being able to keep the plant in its original appearance, that of the time of purchase.

Some people either water too little or too much, causing the poor to die from drowning or drying out. It can also happen the rotting of the leaves for not knowing for sure the exact amount of water and the appropriate way to the sea.

It is essential to know that changes in the plants will always occur. Some in a more extended period than others. By several different factors. Perhaps because the plant is more rustic and resistant to fluctuations in climate and light, but it is necessary to keep in mind that it is tough to keep forever that same flowering of the pots cultivated in greenhouses, bought in retail. The best thing is to look for a good nursery and take advantage of the knowledge of the employees and ask everything you need to know.

Plants can hibernate, reduce their metabolism to a minimum until they can enjoy the ideal conditions for development.

A great example of this happens when a large tree falls and after two months, thousands of plants that before succumbed to the scarcity of the sun, start to grow and take shape. The same happens in a pot inside the house, when we put it outdoors, after the death of the original plant.

Of the plants available in the market, the most resistant to change are the Ferns, Palm trees, Orchids, Violets. With a little more light inside the house, you can cultivate Succulents (like Stone Flower and Calanchoes).

To decide the best plant to grow in your home or garden, it is necessary to evaluate the hours of light, availability of water, and how to irrigate it. Ferns like water droplets in the form of sprays, as do palm trees. But beware: they must not be left with water accumulated at the bottom of the pot.

Violets, on the other hand, like to absorb the water from the plate, but they shouldn’t keep the water lying in the roots. Since they have little hairs on their leaves, they should not be wetted. The orchids like to bathe. But then, it is necessary to dry them. The succulents, like little water, also absorbed from the plate.

The color of the flower and the leaf, in most cases, reveals the intensity of the sunlight that has been absorbed. The closer to red, the more hours of sun exposure. The darker the leaves, the more resistant to the semi-shaded environment.

It is essential to know the growing conditions of a plant when buying it to recreate the same conditions at home. Often, the supplier knows how to inform you, otherwise, you will end up discovering according to the reactions of your plant to the new environment, keep in mind that if the plant growing in the sun, it is a copy of the sun, if it grew in the shade, it is a copy of the darkness. Everything seems very clear until they are transferred to different places without you knowing it.

When we plant a solar plant in the shade, it will have to readapt to the new light regime. It will overgrow producing smaller, paler-colored leaves, and it will squirm towards the light (a phenomenon known as phototropism), produce less or stop producing flowers.

It may suffer infestation by fungi and rot by excess water because in the shade the soil costs four times more to dry.

On the other hand, a specimen that grew in the shade when exposed to the sun directly, mainly during the hottest hours of the day, may suffer severe burns and change little by little all the leaves (as is the case with Palm trees) until it has adapted, if possible producing more colorful leaves and flowers and in greater quantity.  If it is contrary to the nature of the species, it can gradually regress, with dryness and burns on the leaves and stem and in some cases, loss of the original placement of the plant (fading). Therefore, it is imperative to know a little of the unique environment of the species to reproduce the same cultivation conditions in our house.

These plants are suitable for semi-shady and humid places and can be found in good nurseries. They are very resistant as long as there is no lack of humidity.

So, now, look around to know which plant will adapt better in your house: one that needs sun or shade. The choice is yours! Good planting!

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